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Friday, July 17, 2020 | History

2 edition of Mediating factors in the development of psychopathology in victims of childhood sexual abuse found in the catalog.

Mediating factors in the development of psychopathology in victims of childhood sexual abuse

Jennifer Lynne Steel

Mediating factors in the development of psychopathology in victims of childhood sexual abuse

by Jennifer Lynne Steel

  • 318 Want to read
  • 29 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Adult child sexual abuse victims -- Psychology.,
  • Adult child abuse victims -- Psychology.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Jennifer Lynne Steel.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationviii, 62 leaves, bound ;
    Number of Pages62
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16960937M

    Other key risk factors include predisaster psychopathology, female gender, younger age at the time of the disaster, and early childhood adversity (Sayed et al. ). We use information about   The paper reviews research findings on early childhood maltreatment and trauma, including the role of parental functioning, the intergenerational transmission of trauma and psychopathology, and protective contextual factors in young children's response to trauma ://

      Introduction. There continue to be a significant number of empirical studies indicating that histories of childhood abuse or sexual trauma in adulthood increase the risk for disordered eating (Thompson & Wonderlich, ; Thompson et al., ; Wonderlich, Brewerton, Jocic, Dansky, & Abbott, ).For example, studies relying on child subjects, have typically found significant relationships According to our results, the presence of sexual abuse was not associated with more severe body image distortion in eating disorder patients. Conclusions. Childhood physical abuse seems to be a more important factor in the development of body image distortion than had been thought before; its importance in this aspect may be greater than sexual

    Findings were independent of the effects of correlated childhood risks (e.g. parental social class, participants’ BMI and psychopathology in childhood), and of key adult risk factors targeted by current preventive interventions for obesity or cardiovascular disease (e.g. not only smoking, diet and exercise but also adult social class). Childhood sexual abuse: Long-term effects on psychological and sexual functioning in a nonclinical and nonstudent sample of adult women. Child Abuse and Neglect, 14,


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Mediating factors in the development of psychopathology in victims of childhood sexual abuse by Jennifer Lynne Steel Download PDF EPUB FB2

The effects of sexual abuse and victim-offender characteristics have been studied extensively in relation to short- and long-term psychological consequences.

However, few studies have focused on mediating factors in the development of psychological sequelae associated with sexual abuse. Three hundred seventy-nine students at Washington State University were recruited from The participants were 72 nonoffending mothers of CSA victims (aged years; M =SD = ; % female).

As part of a larger treatment study (N = 84), mothers were recruited from four Request PDF | The Psychopathology of Bulimic Women Who Report Childhood Sexual Abuse: The Mediating Role of Core Beliefs | Although reported sexual abuse in childhood is associated with bulimic Ontogenic factors associated with the development of adult psychopathology among survivors of child sexual abuse include low socioeconomic status in the family of origin, family alcohol abuse, and BACKGROUND.

Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is common. Adjusted prevalence rates of CSA in the United States are estimated at % among adult women and % among adult men (Putnam, ).CSA is a significant risk factor for the development of mental health and behavioral problems in adulthood, especially depression and substance abuse (Putnam, ).

critical proximal outcomes that mediate the relationship between CSA and sexual risk. For instance, sexual abuse often results in the development of psychopathology, which, consequently, increases the risk of participation in behaviours linked to increased risk of HIV infection (Miller, )   Chard K.

An evaluation of cognitive processing therapy for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder related to childhood sexual abuse.

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. ; – Charney D. Psychobiological mechanisms of resilience and vulnerability: Implications for successful adaptation to extreme ://   Objective: Although there is strong evidence that childhood trauma is associated with the development of depression and anxiety, relatively few studies have explored potential mediating factors for this relationship.

The present study aimed to evaluate the mediating role of rumination in the link between childhood trauma and mood status such as depression, anxiety and affective ://   offender or victim 4) The mediating role of sexual abuse factors and mental illness The results revealed that CSA victims were times more likely than peers from the general population to have contact with the police for any matter, with a higher proportion of contact accounted for the reporting of being a victim of :// Child sexual abuse (CSA) is defined as any forced or coerced sexual activity with a minor including noncontact abuse, sexual molestation, and rape (American Psychological Association, ).CSA is a serious public health problem that affects a substantial number of children in the United States each ://   Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) little attention has been given to the wide range of adolescent alcohol-related factors that may serve as mediating variables in the development of adult binge drinking as a consequence of CSA.

Child sexual abuse and subsequent psychopathology: results from the National Comorbidity Survey. Am J Public Health According to the developmental psychopathology framework, adverse childhood experiences, including child sexual abuse (CSA), may alter the course of normal development in children.

Attachment security has been identified as a protective factor against psychopathology and may thus play a critical role in predicting victims’ :// A review of the research literature is provided regarding vulnerability and psychological resource characteristics of the victim that mediate between disaster and psychopathology.

Common generalizations about the effect of vulnerability variables such as age, gender, and previous level of functioning are seldom ://   Child abuse and neglect is one of the most prevalent forms of trauma experienced in the modern world (Anda et al., ).In the United States alone there were approximately 4 million reports of child maltreatment in (increased from million in ), including 1, fatalities, with only 1 in 10 victims receiving any form of postabuse care/:// For example, despite gender difference in the dynamics of exposure to sexual abuse, many narrative reviews have concluded that a similar number of adult male victims of CSA in comparison to adult   Knowledge about important mediating factors of the path between childhood maltreatment, psychopathology and well-being could provide opportunities to prevent further mental health problems and the deterioration of well-being in the individual.

Victim of sexual abuse, where a sexual abuse episode(s) occurred in which a person (“the Until recently the literature on the impact of child sexual abuse has consisted disproportionately of retrospective studies of adults. Research on children allows for a developmental perspective and includes the first efforts at longitudinal studies of sexual abuse victims.

This literature also has important relevance to other theory and research concerning how children process trauma, for ?id=ED   measure childhood sexual abuse, without providing definitive proof.

Early adverse experiences, especially sexual abuse, have been implicated as causal factors in the development of a variety psychiatric disorders (Widom, in press).

For example, clinical and research reports have retrospectively linked child sexual   Earlier in Maytwo public figures, Common and Keyon Dooling, openly discussed their childhood sexual abuse. Rapper and actor, Common, recently released his book   Community violence: A meta-analysis on the effect of exposure and mental health outcomes of children and adolescents - Volume 21 Issue 1 - Patrick J.

Fowler, Carolyn J. Tompsett, Jordan M. Braciszewski, Angela J. Jacques-Tiura, Boris B. Baltes. Discusses how the symptoms of child sexual abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affect a child's self-efficacy.

A child's self-efficacy beliefs impact the course and treatment of PTSD, because perceived self-efficacy plays a mediating role in children's ability to cope with trauma.

Self-efficacy research indicates that emotional competence can be learned and may provide treatment for   The findings support the need for multifactorial models of resiliency, the victim-offender cycle, and sexual offending.

Recommendations about the prevention of the victim-offender cycle are made, including the need for a thorough systemic assessment of all male victims of sexual abuse and the involvement of their family system in ://In the ITSO, we suggest that four sets of factors converge to cause sexual offending and its associated problems: biological factors (influenced by genetic inheritance and brain development), ecological niche factors (i.e., social, cultural, and personal circumstances – learning), neuropsychological factors, and agency‐level factors (i.e., this is the level at which a person reflects on